טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentOmri Zilberman
SubjectSense of Community in Different Areas in the Urban Space:
The Case Study of Beer-Sheba
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Dr. Jabareen Yosef
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Sense of community is defined as a sense of belonging by the members of the community, which is described by a feeling of importance and necessity towards one another, and the mutual belief that the needs of all the community members will be met through their obligation to remain united.

 Despite the research which deals with the connection between sense of community and physical characteristics, the link between the residents’ sense of community and various housing styles and typologies was hardy researched.

In light of this, the current research is intended to fill in the gaps, by dealing with the connection between sense and community and different physical characteristics of residential areas with varied structures and typologies.

The underlying claim of this research is that there is a significant disparity in the sense of community in different residential areas, and that varying dwelling typologies will dissimilarly affect the sense of community.

The results of the research strengthen the hypothesis, and show that there is a clear difference in the sense of community of residents according to the various types of dwellings in areas. Moreover, results show that typological characteristics also influence the sense of community. The results essentially reveal that the more satisfied the residents are with the physical characteristics, and the more satisfied they are with the "style and design of the area", the stronger their sense of community is. Despite this, the rest of the typological characteristics proved clearly to have no influence.

From these results, it can be deduced that the ability to affect the residents' sense of community exists through the planning of physical characteristics in the area. From an operative aspect, planners who desire to increase the sense of community in a designed area can make use of the typologies found in this research, according to the type of residential area they are planning. Thus, in the planning of a new assorted residential area, planners should focus on creating a compact space, and in the restoration of an area with ground-floor homes, it would be recommended to emphasize the designing aspect of the area. Furthermore, it is apparent that planners should consider that the important thing is the residents' satisfaction regarding the typological characteristics of the area, therefore by creating these compact or designed areas, planners should participate with the public in the planning stages.