טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentShabtai-Cyzer Naama
SubjectThe "Kiron" Housing Complex, Kiryat Ono
Contemporary Conservation Challenges
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Nitza Szmuk
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The underlying design concept of the Kiron Complex in Kiron neighborhood, built in the 1960s, was to create a place with a distinct identity and character that would give its residents quality of life and a sense of belonging to a “residential group”, by mediating between home and neighborhood.


The Kiron neighborhood reflects a turning point in inexpensive mass public housing plans. “Overall planning” was first implemented in model neighborhoods such as Ramat Aviv, Beersheba and Ramat Hadar in Haifa, and in the experimental neighborhoods designed by Artur Glikson in Kiryat Gat. These neighborhoods were designed by teams of architects with the aim of building residential environments incorporating public institutions and neighborhood services, complex landscape development, various types of residential buildings, and a variety of apartments of various sizes. The social starting point of this concept was grounded in awareness of the human diversity living in these neighborhoods and a dynamic lifestyle necessitating variability.  The design of the model neighborhoods was influenced by the global discourse in postwar Europe at the CIAM and among the members of Team 10, who placed The Charter of Habitat (1953) on the architectural agenda.


To prove that the Kiron Complex represents the residential culture of the 1960s and is therefore worthy of conservation, UNESCO’s analysis and examination methodology was chosen. The study encompasses a description of the site and its values, the site’s history, and a comparative review.

An analysis of the Complex’s historical, social, urban, architectural, technological, and landscape values confirms that the Kiron Complex is a unique representative of the residential culture of its period, encompassing the values of the period with a high degree of integrity and authenticity.


The Kiron Complex, which has retained its original character and values for over 47 years, and has withstood the test of time despite the new residential neighborhoods that were built around it, is worthy of conservation as a living example of a high-quality living environment from the 1960s. In general, the Complex is faced with the dangers of development and is liable to lose its universal values if these development initiatives are put into practice. Finally, methods are proposed to conserve universal values of this neighborhood yet allow it to adapting it to contemporary reality and to the changing needs of its residents.