טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBaum Ruth
SubjectSoskin's Plan for Nahariya and the Sources of Influence on
the Settlement's Planning and the Evolvement on
the Open Private Space
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Tal Alon-Mozes
Professor Ruth Enis
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This thesis explores Zelig Soskin's plan for Nahariya, and the various sources of influence on the settlement's planning and on the evolvement of the open private spaces between the years 1934-1941.     

   The research examines the complexity of spatial, social and ecological planning ideas that gained momentum in the Western world at the turn of the 20th century, and their impact on planners in Eretz Israel. The diffusion of these ideas is looked in particular through the study of the influence that the concept and model of the Garden City, Garden Suburb and the small urban farms, developed by Leberecht Migge, had on Soskin's plan for Nahariya.

   The research also looks at the way that these ideas were applied in practice by the settlers of Nahariya.

The research findings lead to the following conclusions:

?         Nahariya, as an immigrants' rural settlement, did not end up as a garden city or as a garden suburb: it was set up as a rural independent privately-owned settlement, and not solely as a dwelling solution.

?         Nahariya's plan reflected fundamental elements of the plan that Migge recommended to Soskin: the "zoning" of land uses, the geometrical layout and the spatial layout of the small urban farms in the context of the comprehensive town plan.

?         The open private space in Nahariya reflected Migge's model of small urban farms, but was strongly influenced by the cultural and horticultural heritage of the settlers, as well as by ideological, spatial and local constraints.

    The contribution of this study lies primarily in examining the diffusion of planning ideas and practices from Germany and their implementation in Nahariya.

In addition, this study describes the planning ideology of Soskin- forgotten over the years-whose ideas have been applied only in Nahariya.

   Furthermore, this is the only study examining the formation of private plots in Nahariya as a unique case study.

    The detailed body of knowledge gathered in this research project constitutes a significant contribution to the history of Zionist settlement enterprize from a yet unstudied angle - that of the local settlers who founded a flourishing community.

   The methodology of this study is somewhat unique; it adopts the mental geography approach including cognitive mapping complemented by the vital local data told by the settlers.  This methodolgy proved useful in forming a basis of knowledge that may serve as a source for comparative studies of the local history of other communities.