טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentFanny Goldsmith
SubjectAccessibility - Developing a Quantitative-Qualitative
Evaluation Index Using Space Syntax
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Full Professor Aravot Iris
Dr. Yitshak Ommer
Professor Emeritus Churchman Arza
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This research deals with accessibility in Built Space from two perspectives that have not yet been combined: on one hand, accessibility for people with special needs, and on the other, the theory of Space Syntax. The aim of this research is to present a way of bridging the application of the "Law of equal rights for people with disabilities" and the spirit of the law, by the creation of a method for the evaluation of accessibility in complex spaces. The research questions are: What is the meaning of the quality of accessibility for people with disabilities? Do methods exist for the evaluation of the quality of accessibility in complex spaces? This research combines a Quantitative - Qualitative approach. In the first part of the research, two phases were accomplished: (1) the meaning of the quality of accessibility for wheel chairs users, was studied through in-depth- interviews. (2) Existing methods for evaluation of accessibility were studied from relevant scientific literature. The theory of Space Syntax was chosen to create our research hypothesis, namely that Space Syntax is a most appropriate tool for the evaluation of the quality of accessibility. As such, our second research question was re-formulated: How can Space Syntax be used to create a method for the evaluation of the quality of accessibility in complex spaces? Two test cases were chosen in the second part of the research for testing the proposed approach: The Elyachar Central Library and The Churchill Auditorium and the following research steps were taken: (1) Space Syntax was applied through Convex Map, in order to identify the relevant metrics for the evaluation of accessibility in buildings. (1) In parallel, the meaning of accessibility for wheelchair users and how they actually perform in those buildings was again studied by observation and field interviews. Space Syntax was found to be an appropriate tool for the quantitative-qualitative estimation of the accessibility found in the test cases, findings that were corroborated by the interviewees themselves. Finally, it was concluded that a wide range of future research can be further developed and possible difficulties of such research are highlighted. We therefore propose that Space Syntax is a suitable tool for the evaluation of the quality of accessibility in complex spaces - a conclusion that has to be tested in further research.