|M.Sc Student||Einat Miller|
|Subject||The influence of accompanying novice-young drivers on their|
parents' involvement in road accidents
|Department||Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering||Supervisors||Professor Mahalel David|
|Dr. Tsippy Lotan|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
The desire and the need to prevent traffic accidents, which have human, social and economic costs, lead many countries to constantly search for the right tools to minimize accidents and their severity. Young drivers are forever under a spotlight, and the desire to prevent accidents among this population causes many countries to search for the best way to train the young driver.
One of the ways adopted by many countries is the addition of a required phase with an adult accompanying the new driver, during and/or after the training, for periods of time that vary among countries. In Israel, the accompanying period is carried out after the driver passes the driving exam and lasts, by law, three months. Many studies have shown the effectiveness of this phase for the young driver. However, the question of whether the accompanying process also influences the accompanying adult, in particular his/her parents, has not been tested. The study seeks to examine whether the addition of the son / daughter to the drivers in the family circle and the accompanying process reduce parental involvement in car accidents both during and after the accompanying phase.
The hypothesis is as follows:
? A reduction in a parent’s involvement in car
accidents will occur compared to the period prior to the accompanying phase.
? This effect will weaken as time passes from the end of the accompanying phase.
To test this hypothesis, we built a database of parents of young drivers (based on the date when each young driver's license was issued) that included data about parents' involvement in car accidents. The database used data from Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics. Three time periods were defined: "Before" - 3 years before the date of the young driver's license; "Accompanying" - 3 months after the license date; "After" - 2 years after the end of the accompanying phase, divided into quarters (I-VIII). The hypothesis was tested using the Odds Ratios test. The "accompanying" and "after" periods were compared to the "before" period. The statistical tests indicate that the accompanying period has no significant influence on parents’ involvement in car accidents. Although results were not statistically significant, they do show a reduction in the number of accidents involving the parents of young drivers during the "accompanying" and "after" periods compared to the "before" period. This effect diminishes as time passes from the end of the accompanying phase.