טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentYaniv Yakir
SubjectTask Analysis and Comprehensive Design Concepts for Adapting
Home Environment for Elderly People
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Noemi Bitterman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Over the last decades changes have taken place in the life expectancy and global birth rate bringing to a sharp increase in the portion of the elder population in relation to the general population. At the same time, lack of resources on the one hand, and a very active lifestyle on the other bring people to prefer growing older at home over protected accommodations or retirement homes. These trends bring us to seek solutions that will allow people to go on with their daily life in their familiar home environment while supporting the physical and cognitive changes brought on by old age.

Most of our houses were built and designed with healthy, well-functioning people in mind. Though most of the residents of these houses choose to continue living at home when reaching old age, consideration of the elderly or those with special needs is hardly evident in standard residences.

Implementation of a smart home system can turn the regular home into a supportive home environment that will meet the elderly's changing needs. Referring to all life areas, these kinds of systems not only contribute to resident independence in performing activities of daily living (ADL), but also answer one's needs in routine medical activities and monitoring, and in identifying risk situations especially for people who live on their own.

This paper focuses on independent elderly people who prefer to continue living in the community. It examines the lifestyle and housing arrangements of the elderly, and the activities taking place at home; their daily routine and the needs that differ from those of younger residents. In light of these findings we wish to offer a way to change the home into a supportive environment, still keeping its home feeling rather than using stigmatic devices and appliances that render it the appearance of a home for the handicapped.

For that we offer to look at the smart home system in 3 layers of support, each refers to a specific area of needs:

         Usability layer - characterizes the support needed for daily activity

         Medical support layer - characterizes the medical routine and management of medical information

         Emergency layer - recognizes conditions of danger and activates the system accordingly.