טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMaya Raphael Matani
SubjectZippori National Park - Landscape as an Intricate Narrative
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Tal Alon-Mozes
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

It is an accepted claim that national parks are designed to serve the construction of national identities. This study examines the design of the Zippori National Park as a case study of the role of the national park in constructing national identity in Israel.

Zippori National Park represents the diversity of the Galilee region: The very name “Galilee” testifies to this diversity: “Galilee” in Hebrew means “District”, and the Galilee is “the District of the Nations.” (Isaiah 8:23).

The research question is: How is Zippori National Park designed as an intricate narrative in the Israeli landscape?

For purposes of “reading” the landscape of the park and the effects of its planning, we have adopted the approach of reading the landscape as a narrative, which utilizes the “landscape narrative” as a conceptual framework for representing landscape as text.

The findings of the study reveal six landscape narratives for Zippori National Park, reflecting different identities found in the landscape. The landscape narratives identified were:

?          “Gospel” - Christian pilgrims to the city of Jesus and the beginning of Christianity.

?         “Holiness” - Orthodox and traditional Jews, making pilgrimage to the tomb of Rabbi Yehudah Hanasi, redactor of the Mishnah.

?         “Land” - Local Arabs, including former residents of Saffuriya, for whom the park is a combination of memory and routine recreation;

?          “Mishnah” - Jews interested in Zippori as the place where the Mishnah was redacted and as one of the homes of the Sanhedrin;

?          “Mosaic” - visitors interested in the rich Roman-Byzantine era archaeological finds;

?         Recreation - visitors who see the park as a venue for recreation in nature.


Three landscape narratives are discussed extensively in this study.

Studying the landscape narratives expanded upon suggests that Zippori National Park was not designed in a uniform manner, rather as a multifaceted multicultural landscape composed of diverse identities. These identities interact with each other and influence the planning and design of the park as a whole. The complex interactions amongst the various narratives have created a rich, complex and multifaceted park which challenges the monumental Israeli national identity.

 In terms of the research method - the study offers tools for studying the landscape as text, and presents the contribution of the planning to the creation of texts in the landscape. The study additionally adds to the body of knowledge in the study of national parks in Israel.