|M.Sc Student||Ayalon Sharon|
|Subject||Land Art in Israel: Three Local Artists|
Itzhak Danziger. Micha Ullman. Ezra Orion
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Professor Michael Levin|
|Professor Nurit Lissovsky|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
This study presents the unique characteristics of Land Art in Israel as reflecting place, time and culture and focuses on the works of three prominent artists: Itzhak Danziger, Micha Ullman and Ezra Orion. As theoretical background, the research is based on earlier studies of Land Art elsewhere in the world. These studies identify Land Art as a phenomenon stemming from the cultural context in which it arises, while acknowledging recurring features that have become the phenomenon’s hallmarks. While Land Art in Israel has been documented in the past, these documentations are specific to a certain work or artist and review the works as part of the period’s artistic trends. This study presents a first attempt to discuss the works of the three artists, separately and comparatively, and examines recurring features that are unique to the local context.
The study poses three interconnected questions: Have Land Artists in Israel been influenced by the physical and cultural place in which they worked, and if so, how? What are the shared and differing characteristics of Land Art in Israel? What is the relationship between Land Art in Israel and Land Art in America and in Europe? To answer these questions, the study encompasses a thorough documentation as well as a comparative analysis of the works of the three artists, and attempts to position them within the artistic arena of the world and the period.
The study posits that local Land Art shares many similarities with its sibling across the sea and that its appearance in Israel is largely linked to the development of the phenomenon in America. Nonetheless, the preoccupation with place, earth and time - concepts with symbolic and charged significance in the Israeli context, and events in the local cultural arena, led to an essential difference in the interpretation of Land Art in Israel, and consequently to the differences in the hallmarks examined in this study.