טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBavli Keren
SubjectFirgun: Construct Identification, Characterization
and Examination of its Validity
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Miriam Erez
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

This research presents, for the first time, a concept that has not been examined yet in academic literature - Firgun, a word in the Hebrew language. Firgun is the ability to view the success or virtue of the other with feelings of good will and sympathy, without jealousy or envy (Shvika, 1997). The research goals are A) Identifying factors that create Firgun in the organization. B) Characterizing the Firgun. C) Examining Firgun's influence on outcome variables. D) Testing the convergent and divergent validity of a newly created measure of Firgun. This research focuses on the individual level of Firgun. Following the validation of the new measure it will be possible to identify the Firgun culture at the organizational level.

Procedure: 1) two pilot studies with open ended questions identified the meaning of Firgun and its characteristics. 2)  A new measure  was constructed- a measurement of firgun.  3) We tested the construct validity of the measure. A factor analysis of the new tool of firgun suggests that it is an attitudinal variable of cognitive, emotional and behavioral aspects.  Although the correlations show relationships between Firgun and theoretically similar variables -- envy, social support and basking in the glory of the other -- using the factor analysis method, and the Compared Multiple 4 Regression Models across 13 Criterion Variables of 156 incidents using the Fisher test suggest that Firgun is a significantly different construct from each one of the theoretically similar variables:  There was also a positive correlation found between collectivism and firgun.

The significance of this project is in (a) introducing a new construct that has potentially important implications to employees’ well-being and job performance in organizations; (b) examining the construct validity of a measuring tool to assess this phenomenon.