טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBar Abadi Gali
SubjectOpen Building Approach in the Design of Residential
Buildings in Israel
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Assistant Professor Edna Ishai-Wilson
Ms. Rivca Hashimshony (Deceased)
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Residential buildings built in Israel today are often built according to a set, predefined plan, in an inflexible manner. Inflexibility is known to affect housing problems and the disintegration of buildings. The study investigates the implementation of alternatives that will enable long term adaptation to changing needs in residential buildings in Israel.


How can standard residential buildings be planned to enable long term changes in user’s needs? The study shows the relevance of the Open Building approach, originating with Habraken’s theories, to the current situation of the construction market in Israel. It includes plans and scheme examination as well as in depth interviews conducted with planners of residential buildings and the head planner of the Ministry of Housing and Construction.


The study combines between theoretical research, development of planning principles and examples for their implementation. It researches the background for the lack of flexibility, discussing the policy of the Housing and Construction Ministry that has led to a rigid definition, making changes difficult to obtain. It also recognizes the relationship between the privatization of housing construction and the inflexibility of residential buildings in Israel. It acknowledges current developments in the building market that show a developing need for guidance catering to the changing demands of local construction.


The study identifies the characteristics of Open Building relevant for local implementation. It analyses Open Building projects, exhibiting clear organized schemes, definite zone division and a clear separation between set and changeable elements. Following is an analysis of the characteristics that limit local building flexibility pointing to construction in which most of the components are fixed and built as a unified mass.


The study sets specific guidelines for Open Building in Israel. The guidelines, based on the research findings, suggest three main principles: clear open spaces, flexible boundaries between apartments and the separation between fixed and changeable elements. The study provides a detailed example of the re-planning of an existing building according to the principles. The plans show possible changes in apartment division and functions and the updating of building systems according to the needs of families, without causing destruction to the building.


The purpose of the study is to contribute to the implementation of open residential buildings in Israel and to influence policy making. The guidelines developed for Open Building implementation were suited to local long term changing needs, with the intention of fulfilling the full potential of buildings.