טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentGur Yehoyahin
SubjectConcepts of Public Housing in Israel (the Formative Years
1920-1948)
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Emeritus Gilbert Herbert (Deceased)
Professor David Best


Abstract

This research relates to the beginning of public housing in Israel and its scope is centered on the years of the British Mandate. It follows and identifies the sources of influence and the models of public housing in Palestine, it examines how those influences were transferred and by whom. The research also examines to what extent the models have been changed or adapted and as a result of which factors. In Eretz-­Israel the housing problem arose with the growth of population in Jerusalem in the middle of the 19th century, where the first public housing projects were built. The twenties were the years of crystallization of ideas, laying the groundwork for the initial experiments. In the thirties, in and near the existing towns, workers housing projects were built, in detached houses or apartment blocks. New workers towns grew, Kiriath Haim, Kiriath Avoda (Holon) and Kiriath Amal.

In the few years between the end of the war and the beginning of hostilities in 1947 a wide range of housing activities was carried out, mainly by “Shikun” but also by other organizations. For the first time we see municipal housing projects (mainly in Tel Aviv) after the government ban on housing by town authorities was lifted. In those housing projects, from the thirties and forties we find the influence of the English garden city, the German garden suburb, and socialist Vienna, but mostly the housing built in Germany, in Berlin, in the satellite towns of Frankfurt, at the Weissenhof exhibition and similar examples. Only after the establishment of the State of Israel did the government takes upon itself the responsibility for the supply of adequate housing for all. By this time clearly defined patterns and processes of public housing had been established. These formed the basis for the continuing development of housing on a much larger scale.