טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLora Yagudin
SubjectPlanning towards the Hosting of Olympic Games
Realated Conflicts and their Management
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Vraneski Ariela
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

During the last decades, the world has been under the process of globalization. The world is now a global “stage” for international events. Mega-Events become now more and more significant in terms of their political, cultural, environmental and economic consequences and implications.

Olympic Games are at the top of the global hierarchy of sport Mega-Events.  Hosting of these Games has become a strategy for Urban Regeneration and a catalyst for progress in a variety of local planning projects. Conflicts are part and parcel of planning for the hosting of these events.

The purpose of this research is to bridge upon the existing gap between knowledge with regard to conflict management in urban planning and knowledge related to mega-events planning in general and planning towards the hosting of Olympic Games in particular.

The  research includes four main stages:

At the first stage we reviewed relevant literature and introduced a theoretical background.

In the second stage, we focused on research of data using case study methodologies.  We collected, and systematically classified and examined data from a variety of sources regarding conflicts related to planning for the hosting of the Olympics in cities around the world.  Among 46 modern Olympic Games that took place between 1896- 2008, we chose 21 events: 11 for case surveys and 10 for case studies.

The third stage of our work focused on the refinement and harmonizing of an existing typology of conflicts in planning (Vraneski 1994) to planning for the hosting of Olympics. Findings revealed that conflicts related to planning for the Games have a series of similar characteristics which create a profile- typology. Within the scope of this research we proposed a typology of conflicts related to planning and hosting of Olympic Games.

In the fourth stage of the research we present our conclusions, some recommendations and suggestions for further research. We included preliminary lists of recommendations for parties involved and influenced by planning towards the hosting of the Olympics. One purpose of these lists is to help applicant, candidate and host cities around the world to prevent, mitigate and resolve related conflicts in more efficient ways.

We believe it is a time for the International Olympic Committee to promote a new concept of Olympic Games in cities around the world - “Conflict- Free Games”. This new approach entails redesigning the bidding, planning and hosting processes in ways that promote constructive management of related conflicts.