טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentMolin Elvira
SubjectDevelopment of the Culture Strategies in Cities and their
Implications for Local Population
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

During the last thirty years, local governments adopted culture strategies of urban regeneration in order to achieve economic, social and political goals. The goal of the research is to expand our understanding of culture as a tool for local social regeneration and community development. The questions the research posed were: What are the common culture strategies that are used for urban regeneration and development and what are their special characteristics? What are the implications of these culture strategies from the point of view of the local residents who live in the areas in which the culture projects take place?

A survey of the international literature provided us with a base to propose a new typology of strategies for urban development and regeneration through cultural projects. The proposed classification suggests three strategies that differ in the source of the initiative, the main goal and the means of development. The three strategies are:

  • Real estate development for elitist culture;
  • Development of community-arts projects;
  • Development of culture and creativity quarters.

In order to investigate the implications of the various culture strategies, an empirical study was conducted in 2006-2007 in three selected districts in the center of the city of Tel Aviv - Yaffo. The main tool of the empirical study was a resident survey; 185 residents were interviewed in the three selected districts. In addition, we used in-depth interviews with senior workers in the local culture sector, statistical data from various sources and an assortment of relevant publications. A main conclusion is that the development of culture strategies is an effective tool available to the planner who wants to benefit local residents. Research findings revealed that all three types of culture strategies have contributed to social regeneration of their districts by attracting new population and generated various personal and social benefits to women and men, to young and old, to more and less affluent residents. In addition, the level of satisfaction with the residential area was found to be much higher than in comparable districts. The above-mentioned benefits are relevant to the three strategies, but each of them also had its own contribution to certain aspects of local population life. The real estate development for elitist culture increased substantially the participation of local people in elitist cultural activities. The community-arts projects generated significant community development implications. The development of culture and creativity quarter had implications on all aspects of local regeneration.