|M.Sc Student||Levitski Lilia|
|Subject||Identification of the Factors Influencing Attachment|
to a Neighborhood and Examining the Relative
Importance of the Public Garden amongst
Native Soviet Women who Reside
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Dr. Michal Mitrany|
|Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
The purpose of the research was to identify the factors that affect attachment to a neighborhood and to examine the relative importance of the public park among these factors. It was decided to conduct the research among women originally from the former USSR who live in Israel and are mothers of young children.
The research instrument was a structured personal interview.
For the purpose of administering the questionnaires, two neighborhoods in southwestern Haifa were chosen: Kiryat Eliezer and Shaar Ha’aliya. Kiryat Eliezer has a public neighborhood park that spans the entire neighborhood, while the public park in Shaar Ha’aliya is located at the periphery of the neighborhood.
Three factors were found to significantly affect attachment to neighborhood: satisfaction with the neighborhood, the existence of social ties in the neighborhood, and the existence of a special place in the neighborhood. Contrary to our hypothesis, the existence of a public park in the neighborhood did not emerge as one of the factors that significantly affect attachment to the neighborhood. Evidently, this was because there was no variance in this variable: 96% of the respondents ascribed importance to the existence of a park in their neighborhood and over 80% of them used it. Accordingly, the main conclusion of the research is that a public neighborhood park is very important to women with small children. However, actually because of the great importance ascribed to it, and evidently because the respondents took the existence of such a park for granted, its effect on the dependent variable of neighborhood attachment did not emerge in the results.
In terms of neighborhood planning, this research shows the importance of a place that residents perceive as “special” to their attachment to their neighborhood. Moreover, such a special place is often an open public space, such as the beach in the case of Shaar Ha’aliya or the boulevard that traverses Kiryat Eliezer. It is therefore appropriate to plan a special place in every neighborhood that can serve as a focus for residents’ identification with and attachment to it, and to the extent possible, to designate one of the open public places to serve this function. It may also indicate that the place - in this case, the beach - may be considered the special place of a neighborhood even if it is located outside its boundaries, as long as the residents perceive it as accessible and part of their neighborhood.