טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentHorowitz Mickey
SubjectInterdependence and Helping Behavior: The moderating
Effects of Attachment Types
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisor Mr. Peter Bamberger
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Group processes such as helping are key predictors of group effectiveness.  Studies suggest that group members’ tendency to help one another is a function of task and outcome interdependence. While numerous studies have already examined the direct effects of group members’ interdependence on members’ inter-relating behaviors in general and helping in particular, little research has examined the degree to which this interdependence-helping relationship may be contingent upon group members’ individual differences. Given recent findings regarding the direct effects of attachment style on individual care-taking and helping, in the current study we examine how attachment style may serve as a moderator of the interdependence-helping relationship. Operationalizing attachment style in terms of attachment avoidance and anxiety, and running 4-way interaction analyses, data collected from 158 students suggest that the impact of task interdependence on group members’ helping is attenuated among individuals with lower levels of both  avoidance and anxiety (i.e., secure attachment types), but amplified among insecure individuals (i.e., fearful, anxious and avoidant attachment types). In addition, the impact of both task and outcome interdependence on group members’ helping is amplified among individuals with lower levels of both  avoidance and anxiety (i.e., secure attachment types), or higher levels of both  (i.e., fearful attachment types), but attenuated among individuals with either lower levels of avoidance and higher anxiety (i.e., anxious attachment types), or higher levels of avoidance and lower levels of anxiety (i.e., avoidant attachment types), These effects were absent when participants were exposed to only outcome  interdependence condition.  Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.