טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentShlomit Bauman
SubjectRelationship between Nanotechnology and Design: A Case
Study Approach
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Bitterman Noemi
Full Professors Frey Gitti
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This research lays the foundation for understanding the interactions between design and nanotechnology and their implications. It means to serve as a basis for a discussion about the role of the designer in times of major technological change, and the changes through which the design field will undergo as a result of the implementation of nanotechnology.

Estimations indicate that - following the two previous technological revolutions: the Industrial and the Digital - we are now facing the beginning of a third one: the Nanotechnological. Planners and designers play a significant role in a wide range of implementations derived from technological and paradigmatic changes. In the light of these insights, it is significantly important to understand the interactions between design and the new technology.

Nanotechnological products are not yet available for designers and users. Therefore a case study was selected from the field of lighting environment in general and LED technology in particular. These areas are thoroughly investigated in labs engaged with the development of nanotechnology.

Experts evaluations were tested by two sample groups: Industrial Designers - who design individual lighting objects (N=20), vs. Engineers and Architects (N=22), who design lighting environments. All experts are top professional in their field.

The evaluations were based on extensive interviews resulting from open and structured questionnaires. The findings were analyzed in statistical processing: ANOVA (Repeated Measures/Variable), Turkey-Kramer Multi Comparisons Test, Kruskal-Wallis Test (Nonparametric), Linear Regression, Spearman correlation test and Chi Square test or Fisher's Exact Test. The data summation for the open questions was done through findings coding, and grouped by sub-subjects..

The research findings show that the actual differences between the professional groups are minor and indicate that the limits between the professions are becoming less distinct and there is a multi-disciplinary trend.

The conclusions of the research about the interaction between nanotechnology and design are as follows:

-          Design will become dynamic (transition of the design field from static to dynamic).

-          There will be major improvement in compatibility to specific needs ("One medicine to one DNA").

-          Planners will formulate a new strategy concerning materials.

-          Designers will take part in teams that develop new materials.

-          Team work will change: inter and multi disciplinary knowledge will replace specific knowledge.

This research shows that nanotechnology will again challenge the role of the designer who will have to make a transition from analyzing general social situations to defining particular and dynamic ones.