|M.Sc Thesis||Department of Architecture and Town Planning|
|Supervisor:||Assoc. Prof. Czamanski Daniel|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
The height dimension is one of the main physical characteristics in spatial urban evolution. Studies infer that buildings' height is related to favored location and competition over space. Spatial competition is expressed in economical processes, personal decisions, spontaneous processes, and policy, and thus creates spatio-temporal patterns. The analysis is based on GIS database of building heights in Tel Aviv in 1972, 1986 and 2003 and of buildings' height in 20 towns in Tel Aviv metropolitan area in 2003.
The aim of this research was to describe patterns, over time and space, of the evolution of building heights phenomena in Tel Aviv (1972-2003) and to characterize its distribution in Tel Aviv metropolitan area (2003), as a primary basis for analyzing the height dimension.
The basic hypothesis of this research claims that the height growth phenomenon is motivated by complex and multiple-interaction processes, mainly economical, which leads to certain ordered patterns. Those patterns are proof of the process. These assumptions were examined through several methods, capable to identify ordered patterns. The dynamical-spatial pattern analysis of Tel Aviv was based on several resolutions and included visual presentation of the height distribution and the analysis of spatial autocorrelation, using two complementary methods: Moran's I and LISA cluster map. Characterization of the spatial-height dimension in the metropolitan Tel Aviv area was correlated with the rank-size distribution.
The different analyses showed complex patterns present in the evolution of the height dimension, as well as complex dynamics in the case of Tel Aviv, which could be related to fundamental transformations which took place between 1972 and 2003. Viewing the results on a larger scale shows convergence of high rise construction at the new CBD, yet in Tel Aviv the pattern is scattered and reflects an opportunistic real estate market.
The empirical findings could advance the understanding of the urban height-growing process.