טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentTsafrir Nurit
SubjectKfar Shalem - A Unique Story of Demolition and Redevelopment
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Emeritus Naomi Carmon
Ms. Emily Silverman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Kfar Shalem, a cluster of neighborhoods located in south east Tel Aviv-Yafo, has undergone various processes of urban renewal for over 50 years, but its rehabilitation has yet to be completed. These processes have shaped the physical and social aspects of the neighborhood, and created a narrative unique to Kfar Shalem. This essay examines the renewal processes, focusing primarily on the ‘Five Year Program for the Rehabilitation of Kfar Shalem' That took place between 1988 and 1997. The essay examines the principles,  mechanisms, physical outcomes and social implications of the ‘Five Year Program'. The essay is based on archival research, as well as a small-scale pilot study conducted in 2007 and 2008 among local residents whose homes were demolished and who were re-housed in singlefamily homes on site.

Kfar Shalem was created out of the formerly Arab village of Salame, on land that was nationalized after the Arab residents fled their homes during the 1948 war. Jewish refugees of the 1948 war and immigrants to Israel were settled in homes on the 395 acre area. However, with its poor population and lack of infrastructure, Kfar Shalem soon became a distressed neighborhood, and in the early 1960s, it was designated for slum clearance.

The demolition and redevelopment process was met with local resistance from the very beginning, and became an ongoing conflict. At the core of the conflict lies a disagreement about theownership status of the residents, and the compensation values deriving form it. The residents claim rights of possession over the homes in