טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentFaingold Mara
SubjectLocal Authorities' Attitude towards Human Care Facilities
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Emeritus Arza Churchman
Ms. Emily Silverman
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The integration of Human Care Facilities (HCF) within residential areas often results in conflicts between users of the HCF and the host community, which perceives the facilities as "NIMBY" (Not In My Back Yard) nuisances. Whenever objections to locating NIMBY facilities arise, decision makers encounter difficulties in identifying appropriate locations for establishing the services.

This trend of opposition to the location of community HCF is quite common in Israel, as well as in other countries, and has been extensively studied in academic research. However, most of the academic literature in this field focuses on the relationship between community HCF and the hosting population. No research has been found to date that examines the implications of the location of community HCF on the hosting authority and the authority's attitude towards the services within its jurisdiction.

The purpose of this exploratory study was to promote an understanding of the nature of the authority's response towards the community HCF located within its area, as well as of the factors influencing this response. 

In the first part of the study we examined the way services are provided in Israel. We identify that the main limitation is the existence of multiple service providers working on behalf of the a number of relevant government ministries. This situation results in a lack of coordination or overall view of all available HCF within the community - a situation which leads to an uneven distribution of services among local authorities.

In the second part of the empirical study, we used qualitative research tools to investigate the local authority's attitude towards the community HCF by mapping existing community HCF and interviewing two position holders in five different cities.

We identified three patterns that characterize the authorities' attitudes towards the community HCF: a "rejecting attitude", a "moderate attitude" and an "accepting attitude". An analysis of each of these patterns, compared with the specific characteristics of the local authority, led to the conclusion that the local authority's attitude towards community HCF is a result of a wide range of factors, the main ones being the scope of community HCF existing in the city, the local authority's financial situation, its position in the metropolitan-urban space, the personal characteristics of the municipality's head management, and the extent of opposition from the host population. Varying levels of each of the above characteristics resulted in a different attitude profile for each of the participating cities.