|M.Sc Student||Rotem Apfel|
|Subject||Art in the Public Realm as Urban Design Implement: A Case|
Study of Tel-Aviv in the 80's
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Architect Blich Bilu|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
This research-thesis deals constructively with the phenomenon of Public Art, and explores the variant types of mechanisms that are involved in its establishment.
Public Art as part of the general fine Art field is characterized by unique mechanism that intermingle issues, which originated from artistic Art disciplines, with varied interests that deal with Urban affairs. Those Urban issues include mostly city and municipally public image considerations, but also physical and spatial issues, which can be addressed as Urban Design subjects. Public Art as an Urban Design implement is not explicit Architecture, which include certain and most known relationship to Urban Design. This means that most research that deal with connections between Public Art and Urban Design, and how those connections are expressed, are characterized as pioneering research that are located on the boundaries between Art cases studies to Urban Design and planning research.
This research is constituted as one of those pioneering case studies and contains an approach that links between Art, Urban Design and sociology theories. Also this research uncovers some of the more hidden and unofficial interests that enable and establish the appearance of Public Art.
Public Art as an Urban Design implement is characterized as an idea that is not on the top list of Architects agenda. Installations of Public Art (usually in the form of outdoor sculptures) are not constituted as part of the Architects domain. Therefore this phenomenon is usually neglected and as a result of it is mostly defined as remote and irrelevant. As a result of this condition, Public Art appearance in the city of Tel-Aviv is inconsistent phenomenon. This situation implies the need for inquiry, which will examine the ways Public Art is subjected to various interested persons, patrons, artists and others, as a way to understand how this issue is related to those who their actions generate this phenomenon. Understanding the mechanisms involved in the appearance of Public Art will allow to situate this phenomenon in a system of definitions, in which the relations between Public Art and Urban affairs is revealed, and as an outcome, also discovery of the potential Public Art has as an Urban Design Implement. Opening a window to the different considerations taken into account while Public Art is installed is essential as a pre-action before spatial and physical concern are made. This research can help Architects relate to this important issue.