טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentIrit Ron
SubjectAn Examination of the Fit between the Physical Environment
of the I.D.F. Camps and Their Users
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Churchman Arza
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The purpose of this research was to examine the fit between the physical environment of I.D.F. camps and the needs of their users. The research took the Post Occupancy Evaluation approach which focuses on the users' needs and is conducted after the building is occupied.

Two camps were chosen to be examined. Both camps were planned and built based on master-plans, and they are located in southern Israel: Bahad 1 - the officers' academy in Mitzpe-Ramon (occupied in 1968), and Bach 35 - the basic training camp of the paratrooper brigade in Shomria (occupied in 2002). The evaluation included a comparison between the camps, between users groups according to their service-status and between genders.

 

The questions posed by the research were to examine and evaluate the existing condition of the camp and its characteristics compared with the desired condition. The basic assumption was that satisfaction levels of various users in different camps will be different.

 

The findings of the research support the hypothesis regarding a difference in the attitudes and satisfaction levels of the populations in the two I.D.F. camps. The findings reveal, comprehensively and significantly, that the level of satisfaction on every examined issue is higher in Bach 35 than in Bahad 1. For instance, the camp's appearance aroused enthusiasm in Bach 35 while in Bahad 1 it attracted criticism. No clear connection between the satisfaction levels and the military-status or gender was found.

Two significant subjects from the findings are the feelings of crowdedness and a lack of privacy both in Bach 35 and in Bahad 1.   In both camps the users complained about over-crowding in the dormitories.

Other than specific practical recommendations for each camp, the research suggests general conclusions and recommendations regarding planning of IDF camps: Main issues that appeared in the scale of the master-plan were reducing walking distances and placing the public facilities at accessible locations. For the effectiveness of the leisure time, it is important to locate an open space near the main areas. Another conclusion is that there is a need to improve the existing index for planning dormitories for cadets and other groups.

A notable conclusion of the research is that adopting and assimilating POE methods in the I.D.F and supporting it with an organizational database will allow improvement in both the organizational efficiency and in individual welfare.