טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentEpstein Amit
SubjectLocation Choice of High-Tech Firms with Metroplitan
Region
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Amnon Frenkel
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This Study deals with the location choice of High-Tech Firms, in the metropolitan region that perform as a major factor in the creation of high-tech firms agglomeration.

In that milieu different centers compete among themselves on the attraction of high-tech firms. The location choice of high-tech firms depends on the benefit they get from the combination of factors that relate to three main groups: the structural characteristics of the firm, the local production milieu (the employment zone) characteristics, and the characteristics of the metropolitan surrounding.

The main purpose of this research was to identify the considerations prioritized by high-tech firms in the process of choosing a location within a metropolitan region for establishing or relocating their business. For that purpose Tel Aviv metropolitan with his polycentric pattern was selected as a case study for the empirical research.

The main hypothesis in this research is that the attraction of different regions is different for high tech firms, despite the allegedly similar conditions that exist within the metropolitan region, because of competitive advantage that cities or regions develop. The research hypothesis was examined through a comprehensive data collection on a sample of high tech firms that located in four employments zones in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan region.

The analysis of the firm structural variables did not indicate significant differences between the firms in the four examined zones, except investment in R&D and the life cycle phase of the firm. The findings points at the attractiveness of certain zones to relatively young firms with high R&D activity. The findings of this study show that in

intra-metropolitan competition, different zones display local differences. These differences associated to a large extent with the local and nearby milieu’s spatial capital assets. The attractiveness of a zone rise with the intensification of scale advantages and agglomeration of firms, despite the high cost that involved in locating in central and prestigious locations. A metropolitan local milieu, that incorporates assets of human, social and creative capital, that help to create an innovative milieu, increasing a zone’s attractiveness to high-tech firms, especially for small firms, that

rely on high skilled labor force and on R&D activities.