טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentLior Vitkon
SubjectA 3-D Imaging Assisted Method for Evaluating Regional
and Urban Planning
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Gat Daniel
Dr. Ben-Shahar Danny
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

There exists a major gap in most fields of life  between Israel’s core and its periphery in general and the southern district  in particular. This geographical gap perpetuates inequality of opportunities  and can lead to severe social conflict. The announced plan to build a rail line joining Ashdod and Beer-Sheva through Ofakim, Netivot and Sderot with an anticipated travel time between 67 and 87 minutes, can begin to “re-balance the playing field”. This study combines a planning and design exercise with  survey research.


The purpose of the study is to present an alternative land-use and transportation  paradigm for southern take-off, and to put it to the test of pro-forma public opinion using a questionnaire aided by 3-d images. The study therefore constitutes a specific exercise in land use planning-and-design and a general method for getting user feedback on a proposed plan.


The suggested paradigm takes advantage of the new rail line and proposes an Ashdod/Beer-Sheva growth corridor made up by enhancing the towns along the line through the installment of a Transit Oriented District (TOD) at each one. The idea is made concrete by the detailed urban design of such a district at the town of Sderot. The Sderot case is especially useful because it can combining the TOD with an existing College (UTOD, University and Transit Oriented District).


The resulting plan includes a “24 hours pedestrian street” connecting the rail-stop with the main campus with a parallel vehicular road. The strip between this dual link is occupied by commercial and public facilities, including a second Sapir campus close to the rail stop; elementary and secondary schools; shops, restaurants and coffee houses; office and hi-tech real estate; and student dormitories. Housing is constructed within walking distance on both sides of this strip at a density that declines with distance.


A pilot survey was carried out by presenting the planning concept to a small sample of respondents: Israeli residents and business managers not residing in the southern districts, but considered as possible potential settlers or commuters. Respondents were asked under what conditions they would consider working, settling or setting a business within the planned UTOD. At first the plan was described verbally, and then the 3-d images were shown. Among residents, seeing the images sharpened and bi-furcated  the response distribution. Business managers were mostly insensitive to the images and said their responses were based on economic feasibility considerations.