טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentNeeman-Mizrahi Naama
SubjectAn Outline towards Conservation of Residential Urban
Fabric: Western Carmel Ridgeline Axis and
Hanadiv Blvd. as a Case Study
As a Case Study
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Ms. Rivca Hashimshony (Deceased)
Assistant Professor Edna Ishai-Wilson
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Urban and neighborhood conservation are a hot topic worldwide for over thirty years now.

Conservation evolved from conservation of monuments through conservation of urban fabric: elements in context, to neighborhood conservation: emphasis on both physical and social fabric.

This study probes two issues:

Definition of general and neighborhood conservation districts Conservation district initiation, demarcation and planning In part A of the study, the background of conservation and conservation districts planning process was researched.

Conservation is a result of a dialectic process yielding ideologies to address: What, how and How much to preserve?

Those ideologies are the fruit of their era, physical and economic conditions and the conservation assets inventory. To put those ideologies into practice, frastructures evolved comprising of:

Education: professional training and public education

Legislation: conservation status and planning, law enforcement.

Funding: finding financial resources.

I have compared this model infrastructure on a state, interstate and international levels. Based on that infrastructure, each state developed a conservation district planning process.

This process unfolds in stages: demarcation of conservation district, Identification of characteristics and complexities, selection of conservation plan issues, gradation of treatment of individual elements and specification of guidelines for conservation and development.

In part B of the study, I have applied part A to the case study: Hanadiv blvd. in Haifa.

 I surveyed the urban and historical background of Haifa, the Western Carmel Ridgeline Axis to finally focus on Hanadiv blvd. The western Carmel Ridgeline Axis is a main thoroughfare that is mostly a residential street with commercial nodes along it, out of which diverge secondary routes leading down to residential neighborhoods.

Hanadiv blvd. diverges off the axis and is unique as it is nearly level throughout (other streets slope down).There’s a unique street section containing a central landscaped boulevard. Hanadiv blvd is home to listed conservation buildings (additionally, the whole street is earmarked as a conservation district). Next., data was compiled through physical surveys, unique characteristics identified, problems analyzed and a framework for a conservation and development plan laid out. The research findings of both parts have shed light on the problems in the Israeli infrastructure:
Decentralization: A distribution of responsibility among government agencies.

Lack of conservation databases: municipal and national.

Lack of funding means.

In conclusion, the Israeli infrastructure should strive to achieve

Concentration: Legislation, Centralized Planning and enforcement, Linked Municipal and national databases 

Funding: Establishment of funding means.