טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentShevah Dana
SubjectCultural Aspects of Planning: Between Modernization and
Tradition
Case Study: Moshav Gadish in the Ta'anch
Region
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Rachel Kallus
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

The research deals with the daily life and activities of people in a state-planned environment. It is part of an increasing interest in planning considerations and identification of small discrete groups in the population, intended to include them in planning procedures sensitive to their needs and preferences. Apart from awareness of cultural diversity and multiculturalism, the intention of the research is to add to knowledge about the self-definition of population groups, and to find the appropriate anthropological tools for planning a framework that can best allow identification of the values of a place.


The case of Moshav Gadish has been chosen to allow understanding the outcomes of planning procedures for new immigrants’ settlements in the 1950s, the aim of which was to set up rural communities differing from those of the settlers’ origin. A critical examination of this process and its results has given rise to the question of the ability of planning to confront the objections of a traditional society to change, and to overcome this by means of goodwill and agreement.   


The research examines how the settlement authorities implemented social change in the immigrant communities, how such changes were accepted by the immigrants, and how they affected their daily life. It discusses the need to develop specific historical and ethnographic tools for dealing with these issues in order to understand the planning intentions, tools and means, and how they affect the basic elements of settlers’ everyday life.    


A study of Moshav Gadish history revealed the rationale for creating the settlement and the forces involved in its establishment, design, and implementation. In this framework, official planning policies concerning the settlement and how they were put into effect have been examined. The research used anthropological and ethnographic tools, relying particularly on conversations with and observation of members of the community to study their daily life, focusing on their backgrounds, both social and cultural, and their organizational-administrative roles in the community.

The anthropological and ethnological research tools, which do not conform to accepted planning norms, have enabled comprehension of the life of the settlement as influenced by the planning procedures, and of how the settlers regard the spaces they inhabit. The research instruments indicate a possibility of adopting a planning approach that relates to local knowledge, and the advantages of such an approach, especially as concerns small, tightly-knit communities.