טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentKainer-Persov Nava
SubjectThe Meaning of Home in Transition Process
Constancy and Change in Dwelling during the
Process of Urban Renewal in the Way of
"Pinuy-Binuy"
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Rachel Sebba
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Various urban renewal plans at the national level have established that the majority of future development in Israel should take place within existing developed areas.  Urban Renewal in the way of Pinuy-Binuy is an urban revitalization instrument employed in Israel by planning institutions with approximately a hundred and thirty sites around the country.  This process will affect and change the lives of many individuals and families in Israel.


This research studies the Pinuy-Binuy process from the point of view of the original residents of the first neighborhood in Israel who experienced all the stages of the process.  The old neighborhood in Kiryat Ono, with its ten 2-3 story buildings, contained 170 apartments.  The neighborhood was demolished and has been replaced with eleven new high quality buildings, nine to eleven stories high, with a total of 716 apartments.


This study was conducted by comparing the old neighborhood, buildings and apartments with the new neighborhood, buildings and apartments that are now reoccupied by some of the original residents.  The original residents returned to new apartments with twice the square footage, a neighborhood with triple the population, and a greater diversity of income levels. Furthermore, the research studied the transitional phase in which residents had to pack their belongings and move to temporary rentals until construction of their apartments was completed and they moved back.


The literature survey included topics in urban renewal, meaning of the home, place attachment, and dwelling transition processes.  Interviews were conducted with professionals at national and municipal levels, as well as with the construction company and the original residents themselves. The research focused on in-depth interviews with 13 out of the 25 household heads who returned to the first three buildings that were built. These residents have experienced all the stages of the project, from evacuation to reoccupation as characterized by the Pinuy-Binuy process.


This research recommends that additional studies be conducted on the physical and sociological nature and conditions of neighborhoods before they are designated as Pinuy-Binuy projects.  It is also advisable to facilitate the participation of the original residents throughout the process. The research presents new information that may be essential to planners, developers and original residents. Moreover, it may be an opening for follow-up research for the benefit of the urban renewal process and the residents.