טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMoseri Yehudit
SubjectEvaluation of Israels' Enyironmental Impact
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Shaul Amir


Abstract

This thesis is an empirical research on Environmental Impact Assessment - EIA, one of the main tools existing for management and control of resources and for protection of the quality of the environment.

The research's purpose is to make an empirical evaluation of the level of EIA policy’s implementation and of the present EIA system’s effectiveness as a tool for environmental protection in the context of Planning and Building Law of 1965.

The research includes findings from a sample of 16 different projects for which Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) were submitted between the years 1987-1991 and it is also based, as well, on the guidelines prepared by the Ministry of Environment for each project and on documents from the files of the projects in the district planning and building committees.

The findings of the research indicate a lack of uniformity in the level of implementation of the directives, as determined in the guidelines, as well as a gap between requirements in the guidelines and their actual implementation in the EIS. Relating to the performance of the EIA system, the findings show a need to fix clear criteria for the decision taking of planning agencies when requiring an EIS and a low level of public participation in the EIA process. Finally, it was found that the EIA process was a long one and was often the cause for delay in the plan approval process.