|M.Sc Student||Sigal Rasis|
|Subject||The Impact of the Court's Intervention on Structural|
Changes in Rural Local Government in Israel
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisors||Dr. Levia Applebaum|
|Professor Emeritus Churchman Arza|
|Full Thesis text - in Hebrew|
During the last three decades, numerous changes have taken place in the economic, social and institutional environment of the rural space in Israel. These changes affected also the status, function and internal relations and balances of rural local government. During this period, the intervention of the judicial system in disputes related to rural local government has increased due to both the growing number of appeals served to the courts and the willingness of judicial system itself to take a stand on these matters. The court's intervention was called for because of the gap created over time between the existing legal base of local government operations and the changing needs of the rural population.
This study investigates the contribution of the judicial system to the changes in the structure and function of rural local government in Israel, and to the changing dynamics between its two levels and the rural population. It takes into consideration the international and local social and political trends, and their impact on the evolution of both rural local government and the attitudes of the judicial system. The literature review of this study describes the processes of change and conflicts that occurred over time in the organization of rural local government in Israel, some of which are demonstrated in the appeals and verdicts described in the following chapters of the study.
The study demonstrates the changes that occurred in the structure and functioning of the rural local government in Israel over the last three decades, by reviewing different issues that reached the Israeli courts. These are: representation and elections, division of authority between regional councils and local committees, the interaction between the local committees and the cooperative societies, and the disputes over jurisdictions and boundaries of rural municipalities. The impact of the courts' decisions on the restructuring of rural local government in Israel is examined through the analysis of relevant appeals and verdicts, including the changing conceptions over time which they reflect.