טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentZananiri Issa
SubjectEmpirical Study on the Effects of Information and
Communication Technology on Travel Behavior
DepartmentDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Supervisors Professor Yoram Shiftan
Professor Shlomo Bekhor
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are rapidly penetrating every sector in Israel and the developed world. Concerning transportation, there is an increasing use of ICT to improve congestion and the utilization of the road network capacity using real time information. The information technologies used in transport had been defined by many researchers and include computer technology, internet, mobile and handheld internet devices and private commercial communications systems.

The main objective of this research is to contribute to a better understanding of the short term impacts of ICT on travel behavior in Israel. More specifically, the research investigates the effects of cellular phone calls and internet use on different activity types through a case study with a sample of Technion students. Activity-based approach was implemented in this study, which is not widely used in this context.

The methodology of this research used several data collection techniques to obtain better estimation and understanding of the effects of ICT on travel behavior. Data collection was performed using a general survey and a one-day activity diary. The general survey asked for demographic data, travel behavior of the respondent, ICT use and their direct effects on the respondents. The respondents were asked to fill their activity diaries for one day, asking them in the end of the day to register all the cellular calls.

Data analysis was performed on the collected information in an attempt to find the ICT variables that best explain changes in travel behavior. Estimation and hypothesis testing was performed for two set of models: first, activity duration models estimating the effects of ICT on the duration of different types of activities; second, tour-pattern choice model, estimating the effect of ICT on choice of a daily activity travel pattern.

            The results of the model estimation showed a complex view of the effects of ICT on activity durations. Each effect is dependent on the activity type and the ICT in use. More complex tour patterns were made by those who used the cellular phone more than the others.

            It is believed that the activity based approach used in this research yielded and will yield an in depth understanding of the effects of cellular phone calls and internet attributes on activities and travel behavior. Hopefully this research will serve as a basis for more advanced studies in this field.