טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentReichman Joseph
SubjectFactors Influencing the Public Attitude Towards Housing
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Hubert Law-Yone


Abstract

The locational conflict deals with the consequences of a nuisance site for a dwelling area. It may be felt in housing request and in satisfaction from the dwelling place. Many factors influence the attitude of the inhabitants regarding the location of disturbing elements. This research work aims at examining what factors influence public attitudes and prices of dwellings near cemeteries. Some groups of factors have been examined: a balanced index of the socio-economic level, different personal characteristics of the population and a certain number of cemeteries presenting an evident difference in planning and in external look.

According to different statistical methods, some main conclusions were drawn:

A. In Israel, the urban population in general does not like living close to a cemetery. There is no absolute agreement on the subject among the public, and the degree of opposition varies according to the characteristics of both the cemetery and the population.

B. A number of factors related to planning components influence public attitude to living close to a cemetery: its external look and its being within sight of the dwelling area, as the population does not want any sight of a cemetery.

C. A number of factors related to the personal characteristics of the dwellers influence their attitude to living near a cemetery. As the socio-economic level of the population rises, the opposition grows to the location of a cemetery in their surroundings.

Therefore, some planning directives are proposed aiming at minimizing the nuisance caused by a cemetery if the planning concept of locating a cemetery close to an urban or dwelling district should be adopted, for efficiency’s sake. The planning directives include some procedures, that should be taken into account, whenever a physical link between a dwelling district and a burying-ground is considered, whether the cemetery is already existing or is being planned. By means of planning the cemetery and the dwelling area, a reduction of the nuisance is obtained.