טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentErner Arie
SubjectThe Organization and Location of Plants in Upper Galilee
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Daniel Czamanski


Abstract

Israel invests considerable efforts in an attempt to influence the relocation of firms from the developed core to the less developed periphery. The Current System of incentive policies does not completely accomplish these objectives.

In order to create policies based on subsidy programmes, additional locational characteristics should be taken into consideration, including firm ownership type.

This study examines the spatial behavior of firms in the peripheral region — Upper Galilee. According to their organizational framework & the relationship between the firms' organizational framework, the firms location & characteristics.

The research findings are as follows The Upper Galilee is in the industrial developmental stage where marked differences exist between the various urban centers. Karmiel and Maalot-Tefen are well developed, Kiryat Shmona is at an intermediate level, Hatsor & Zefat are poorly developed.

A relatively high percentage of factories in the Upper Galilee are locally—owned, in comparison to development towns in other parts of Israel. These (the locally owned) including cooperately owned in the rural sector are characterized and associated with traditional industries. Most of the non-local ownership firms are pert of large concerns, whose head offices are located in another city.

Firms that are either pert of a multi-factory concern, or are one-factory whose head office is located in another city, are generally found in the growth industries.

The variables best explaining the difference between local and non-local ownership are the characteristics of the firm itself and not the environment.

There is a need to change the existing system of incentives from one attempting to encourage relocation from the core to the periphery, to one seeking to strengthen local initiatives.