טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentCarmi-Kampf Anat
SubjectThe Effect of Conditions in the Room of the Elderly Individa
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Rachel Sebba


Abstract

The purpose of the research is to test the policy of populating rooms in old age homes and to check the connection between the spatial and social conditions with the feeling of the elderly individual and his behavior. The research claims that the assignment of rooms to the elderly in an old age home has implications on a wide range of behavior manifestations and on their satisfaction with the room, the old age home, and their quality of life in general. The research is based on the existing knowledge in the literature on elderly people who live in an institutional dwelling, and related to definitions of concepts in environmental psychology that refer to the reactions of the elderly in a room: crowding, personal space, privacy, and territoriality.

The research was performed in an Old Age Home via interviews, observations, and room outline. In its course groups of residents were located according to their populating data. Four populating groups were investigated according to physical crowding in the room and its social structure.

The study found that there exist essential differences in the feeling towards and relationship to the room, in various manifestations of behavior in the room and outside of it, and in the evaluation of the environment and the quality of life. These differences are explicable exclusively by populating conditions of the rooms.