טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentGordon Gil
SubjectThe Development of An Histooric Site in a City: Schneller
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Gilbert Herbert (Deceased)


Abstract

To Understand The Development And Decline Process Of An Urban Site One Must Study Its Interaction With Its Vicinity. This Relationship Determines The Status Of The Site, Its Contribution To The Overall Scene, And Its Prominence In The Landscape.
We View Urban Development As A Dynamic Process In Which Inside Forces Constantly Shape The Enviroment. This Approach, Well Known To Modern Town Planners, Has Rarely Been Adopted By Researchers Of Ottoman Jerusalem, And Our Work Strives To Do So.
Our Work Examines One Selected Compound In The Holy City: The "Syrian Orphanage" - An Enterprise Of The Protestant Missionary Johan Ludwig Schneller. This German Pioneer Purchased A Piece Of Land Two Miles Outside The City Walls In 1855 And Settled There.
In Time, The Place Grew Into A Huge Compound, Abundant With Buildings And Lands.
Parallel To Its Growth, Other People Abandoned The Old City And Established Neighbourhoods In The Area. The New Urban Fabric Expanded Gradually Towards Schneller' Site, Reached Its Boundries And Finally Encircled It.
Against This Background We Shall Investigate The Development Patterns Of The Site During A Period Of 60 Years (1855-1915).
We Shall Demonstrate Demographic Data, Land Acquisitions And Building Stages. We Shall Reconstruct The Boundries Of The Compound, Describe Its Quarters, And Its Correlation With Jerusalem.
Our Work Will Show That The Orphanage Underwent Considerable Changes. It Started As A Small Missionary Educational Boarding School. With The Passage Of Time A Local Protestant Community Grew Around Its Church. Finally, Under Heavy Pressures, Among Which Were Struggles For Land And Emergence Of New Neighbourhoods On Its Surroundings — The Institution Realized That Merger With The City Is Inevitable. Its Directors Decided Offi¬cially That A Neighbourhood Would Be Erected On Their Vast Lands. This Decision Altered The Development Course Of The Site Totally.
Apart From Revealing The History Of This Key Compound, We Shall Endeavour To Explain How It Became Highly Influential In Jerusalem, And Why It Was Regarded As One Of The More Respected Places In The Holy City.