טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
Ph.D Thesis
Ph.D StudentMiron-Spektor Ella
SubjectA Multilevel Perspective on Innovation: The Personal
Characteristics, Team Composition and
Organizational Culture that Lead to Idea
Generation and Implementation
DepartmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisors Professor Emeritus Miriam Erez
Professor Eitan Naveh
Full Thesis textFull thesis text - English Version


Abstract

This dissertation focuses on the paradox of innovation that requires exploration and idea generation on the one hand and exploitation and idea implementation on the

other hand. It is divided into three studies each one of them examines different research questions and focuses on a different level of analysis. The first paper examines the effect of person-culture fit and tests whether the personal characteristics and cultural values that enhance individual innovation could also contribute to quality and efficiency performances. The second paper identifies the team composition that leads to innovation, and suggests that to enhance innovation creative members should be teamed with conformists and members who pay attention to detail. The third paper focuses on the organizational unit level and searches for the cultural combinations of innovation with attention to detail or outcome orientation values that lead to radical innovation. Overall, one thousand and twenty-eight engineers and technicians in 42 R&D units and 28 manufacturing units of a large R&D company participated in the study. The research hypotheses were tested using CFA, regression and HLM analyses. The integration of the three studies led us to the following conclusions: 1) the personal characteristics and

cultural values that lead to idea generation and implementation can co-exist; 2) creativity is not enough for innovation. Individuals, teams and organizational units that promoted both the generation and implementation of new ideas demonstrated the highest innovative performances; 3) enhancing innovation requires prioritization of exploration and idea generation over exploitation; 4) balancing the tension between idea generation and implementation seems easier at the team and organizational unit levels compared to the individual level; 5) quality and efficiency are distinct aspects of exploitation. Their different determinants have different effects on innovative performance.