|M.Sc Student||Elizabeth Lambert|
|Subject||Suitability of Higa-Tech Indus for Israel Peripheral|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel|
In the past two decades, the high technology industrial complex has expended at a tremendous pace at a time when traditional industries have been in decline. Government and public agencies in Israel have expressed their enthusiasm for dispersing high technology industries throughout the peripheral regions, yet until now, the tendency for these industries has been to concentrate in central conurbations. However, the literature reviewed herein indicates that the benefit of high technology industries to peripheral regions internationally has often not lived up to expectations.
In this paper, literature diagnosing the spatial organization and criteria involved in the locational decisions of high technology industrial firms is extensively reviewed, and findings from literature on the subject are utilized to critically analyze the possibilities for promoting high technology industrial development in Israel’s peripheral regions. Alternative strategies for development are proposed, based on critical study of the conclusions in the literature and on consideration of the existing geography of industry in Israel.
This paper does not propose that there is a single policy strategy that could claim to be optimal for developing high technology industries in every peripheral region, since the data no locational patterns of high technology industries show that development is not uniform. There is, therefore, no attempt to evaluate the superiority of one strategy alternative over another. However, the conclusion reached after comparing international literature to the case of Israel is that high technology industries are not the solution to the dilemmas of economic development in every region, particularly in the “outer ring" border regions. A separate plan must be made for each peripheral region in consideration of its specific characteristics, and planners must deliberate over weather or not high technology industry is indeed likely to succeed in promoting economic growth.