|M.Sc Student||Klurfan Volman Aileen|
|Subject||Problems of Figure Gaound Relationship in the Design of|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Wolf Pearlman|
The concept of Figure-Ground was developed by the Gestalt School of Psychology in Germany at the beginning of this century. The figure is that smaller, denser, and enclosed area within a field, whilst ground is the larger area in which the figure rests. The figure exists in the space-time medium; its enclosure is variable and determined by the nature and continuity of its boundaries and it contains different meanings and activities.
The figure round concept was initially employed as a purely pictorial device, suggesting relationships rather than picture. However the issue exists in every activity of man--being both a theoretical and practical concept and as such it is a most -useful tool in analysis and design.
The intention of this work is to promote further understanding of the parameters involved in the figure round relationship and to propose directions of applicability in the professional field.
The work is structured into two parts: first it studies the theoretical aspects of the theme and secondly it is concerned with the application of the theory in the evaluation of two case-study neighborhoods:
Part 1: this section deals with the tenets of Figure-Ground relationships dwelling-building-plane), together with some of its conceptual components (urban block, boundary, corners), as well as with the perceptual ones (density, intensity of use, formal typology & layout), and their reciprocal implications; It concludes with a presentation and review of the works of some of the key figures involved with the theme.
Part 2: the case-study neighborhoods analyzed in this work are situated on sloped terrain in the Haifa vicinity. These examples tend to be representative of two opposite types of matrices (one with a predominance of the built mass over open space (Wadi Nisnas) the other with a reversed reciprocity of open space to built mass (Oren Ha’Carmel).
The plans and programs of these exemplars are described and compared with regard to their quantitative and qualitative characteristics, by applying the three different analytical methods proposed by Hillier, Pearlman and Rowe.