טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentHolzer Amy
SubjectThe Elderlys Decision to Enroll Into An Old Age Home as a
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Ms. Rachel Sebba


Abstract

The aims of this study were: A) to learn about the reasons which cause the community elderly (aged 60 and older) to enroll into an old age home and the part which the physical environment plays in this decision; B) to clarify which factors would prevent or postpone the elderly’s relocation to an old age home; C) to understand the elderly’s ability to function in his home and immediate environment.

The main study tool used for the collection of data was an interview, which focused on: (1) the elderly's ability to function in his community and home environments, and (2) reasons for his enrollment into an old age home, through the definition of various physical factors, behavioral factors and evaluative factors. In addition to the interview, observations were conducted in the sample population’s homes, during which variables relevant to the research topic were recorded.

M. P. Lawton developed a model which related physical environmental characteristics to the elderly’s level of fitness. The model served as the study’s theoretical basis for the determination of the research variables and their analysis.

The main research findings are as follows: (1) The majority of elderly enrolled into an old age home due to reasons of anticipated poor physical functioning and security for the future. (2) The majority of the study’s elderly expect the old age home to provide them with care and the opportunity to expand upon their cultural and social activities. (3) Physical factors will prevent the elderly from relocating to an old age home, more than social factors. (4) The ability to in one's living environment was directly related to one’s satisfaction from life- both from life’s physical and social conditions. (5) As for satisfaction levels with the home and community, the elderly were generally satisfied with their living environments.

The research findings show that the elderly would prefer to remain in the community. The elderly are interested in continuing their lives as independent individuals and want to avoid becoming dependent upon others in their ability to function daily.