|M.Sc Student||Shliselberg Rebecca|
|Subject||The Effects of Accessibility on Womens Participation in the|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
Based on previous studies which indicate gender-based differences in commuting and work patterns this study looks at how accessibility for women to the job market effects work experiences. Using data for the Haifa metropolitan area from the Census of Population and Housing, 1983, the study confirms the different relationship for men and women between commuting patterns and job characteristics.
Following from these gender differences this study then looks at how women’s social roles contribute to limited ability to travel, and effects the location of housing and job locations. If one adds women’s limited housing mobility because of spouse and children, as suggested in some of the literature, what are the consequences for labor market activity in terms of employment status occupation, economic branch of employment and income?
The results indicate that accessibility has limited influence on the nature of women's employment. Although limited accessibility negatively effects labor force participation, economic branch of employment and income, the explanatory power of accessibility is weak.
This implies that housing decisions may place greater emphasis on family needs, such as a husband's job location and schooling for children, but also take into account women's employment opportunities. Thus, for workers involved in dual roles, residential, and work locations must meet an equilibrium point which satisfies the requirements for housing and job characteristics. As women increasingly add jobs outside the home to the responsibilities of homemaking, and in turn men’s roles adjust, the need for easy access to jobs increases in importance in determining desirable jobs and housing locations.