|M.Sc Student||Rozenshtein Miriam|
|Subject||Israels Agricultural Land Preservation Policy through|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Rachelle Alterman|
The purpose of this research is to test the implementation of Israel's agricultural preservation policy as derived from the Planning and Building Law - 1965. The emphasis here is on defining the authority and evaluating the effectiveness of the Committee for Preservation of Agricultural Land (from here on to be referred to as CPAL). This research tests the apparatus for protection of agricultural land. It does not deal directly with the question of whether or not there is a need for such protection.
The research objectives are:
a. To delineate the owners of CPAL according to the legislation and case law.
b. To chronologically outline CPAL policy and operating procedures.
c. To describe the policies of the agencies representing CPAL.
d. To identify the common objectives that guide CPAL members in policy-making.
e. To collect quantitative information regarding: Characteristics of the plans for change of land designation that CPAL deals with, characteristics of CPAL decisions and the area of land which has been re-designated.
f. To evaluate the implementation of the policy for protection of agricultural land.
The chronological outline of CPAL policy and procedure and the policies of the bodies involved are based on a data survey of CPAL files and on an “attitude survey,” of CPAL members. This evaluation is conducted from an objective point of view in as much as possible. First, the common objectives of CPAL members are identified according to the attitude survey. Second, data regarding CPAL decisions is analyzed based on a random sample of plans discussed by CPAL during the years 1986-1988. The evaluation itself compares decision with the common objectives
The main conclusions are: CPAL is authorized to decide in the following ways: To declare all land designated for agriculture or to reject this declaration on the basis of the opinion of the Experts Committee: To approve or refuse plans pertaining to, declared land: To permit or prohibit non-agricultural use of agricultural land: To use its power to balance agricultural needs of the state with its urban needs; and to judge each case on its own merit.
The findings of the evaluation show that CPAL operates, for most parts, to attain its planning objectives as “to secure land for development of rational infrastructure”; “To secure quality of life”. The objective Population dispersal through illustration of urban growth along the coast”, is not clearly attained. CPAL does not operate at the same level of resolve with regard to attaining the two most important declared goals: "protecting of any agricultural land and of good agricultural land”. CPAL, agreed to re-designate 90% of the agricultural land that was required.
In all events CPAL makes sure to treat every case on its own merit and to make a decision only after each plan is reviewed with regard to its outlook and the extent of its potential effects on agricultural land.