טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentMichael Gorelik
SubjectHigh-Tech Industries in Development Towns:policy and Impact
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Law-Yone Hubert


Abstract

Development of high-technology science based industries is often expected to be a "panacea" to the solutions of economic & social problems in Israel, especially in the peripheral developing regions.

This research paper examines the influence in the economic & social sectors, of attracting & generating high-technology industries in the new development towns in Israel, and analyzes the resulting effects in light of the current government policies.

The empirical portions of this research were drawn from a survey of ten high-tech plants in the following development towns Karmiel, Ma’alot & Migdal Haemek.

A summary of the findings is hereby presented:

The income levels in the plants surveyed is slightly higher than the average monthly income in the development towns, but is lower than the average in the industrial sector in the country.

An interesting point, bearing important planning implications shows that the proportion of town residents (employed in the high tech plants sampled) in lower income brackets is high, and their proportion in high income brackets (well paid jobs) is consistently lower.

The high technology knowledge based industries are engaged in vocational, in-plant training, at a higher rate than those of other, low technology plants in the development towns.

Furthermore, this paper has proven that a higher proportion of women are employed in the surveyed high tech plants than those employed in low technology firms in the development towns.

Government economic strategies that involve encouraging & assisting, through various subsidy programmes, the development of high technology industries in the development regions, must- take into account the total employment & community welfare impacts. Policy planning & the selection of potential plants to be located in the developing regions must be designed to enhance the diversification of job opportunities, income levels & standard of living, according to differing employment structure, needs & characteristics of the high tech firm.