|M.Sc Student||Caryn Yaakov|
|Subject||The Control of Environmental Quality through Land-Use|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Emeritus Shefer Daniel|
The best, and in the long-run the least costly, policy for pollution prevention and management is that of land use planning. This is a policy which is oriented towards preserving environmental quality by controlling the densities and spatial patterns of activities.
The planner can make a valuable contribution to pollution control in the initial stages of determining the nature and location of new development and of redevelopment. Because pollution originates as waste from production and consumption activities, one of the key variables in pollution control - the geographical point at which additional waste is created - is determined once the location of these activities has been established. Therefore, the planner, because of the control he can exert over land use, can exercise an important influence on the spatial origin of wastes and consequently upon pollution levels and their distribution.
Everywhere in the world there is a tendency towards greater urbanization, and the growth of residential-industrial complexes. This trend has given rise to a serious decline in the quality of the environment, especially in and around urban centers. The complexity of the problem calls for a comprehensive approach which deals with the general problem of pollution and not individual pollutants.
This thesis is a literature survey which examines the impact of noise, air and water pollution on environmental quality, and briefly describes available abatement strategies. The method of land use planning as a tool for pollution control is analyzed. In addition, the contribution that the planner can make towards improving environmental pollution levels and in enhancing the quality of life - through the incorporation of ecological principles into the physical planning and decision making stages - is reviewed.