A model of regional planning is proposed, "The Regional
city", for the populating of underdeveloped areas. The aim of this model
is to contend with socio-economic stagnation and to remedy the errors of the
existing regional development in Israel; it, also, hints at a change in general
and urbanistic development. This model is shown, here, as a plan for development
of the “Merom Hagalil” area, which is situated in northern Israel.
main elements of the “Regional city” model are:
A comprehensive planning framework: on the horizontal
plane, an area of, about, 60.000 acres and in the vertical direction by a balanced
combination of housing, economy and services.
A settlement system that can achieve social, economic,
service and administrative autonomy in a short time, and with it, independence
from existing central-local government dependence patterns.
A settlement system which is able to function well in
every stage of its growth and, also, is endowed with the utmost flexibility in
A settlement system of a relatively large size’ of 250.000
inhabitants and, as such, will meet the national requirement for population
Regional city’ will grow, simultaneously, from many nodes, separated between
them in space. They will have low density housing, start as villages and end as
neighborhoods of the “Regional city" of, about, 10.000
inhabitants each. These neighborhoods will be united in the hierarchical frame
of the “Regional city” together with the main and secondary service and
industrial centers. The “Regional city” will differ from town and village forms
as we know them today and can be defined as neither. It will attract
inhabitants because of preferable living conditions to those in the crowded
towns, a sense of belonging to a society and a place, work facilities and
freedom to develop motivation.