טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentBerger Rinat
SubjectA Study of the Quality of Awakening and Framing
a Design Concept for a Rousing Object
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisors Professor Bitterman Noemi
Professor Pillar Giora
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

Despite evolving technology and industrial design, little attention has been paid to the problems regarding early-rising and awakening. This study attempts to devise a design concept for a rousing-object that will allow passage from sleep to wakefulness through effective early-rising resulting in awakening quality. Objectives- To characterize current patterns of sleep and waking-up within the normal population ; To study the quality of awakening by evaluating three different types of auditory early-rising mode and their effect on awakening ; To define a design concept for constructing a rousing-object that will facilitate an appropriate early-rising experience, thereby possibly improving the quality of awakening. Methods- Market survey of rousing-objects ; Sleep laboratory observation ; Questionnaire distributed to 415 participants, aged 20-50, covering sleeping, early-rising modes, awakening customs and personal design preferences for a rousing-object ; Experiments were carried out on 20 participants, aged 20-35, in order to evaluate the effect of three different auditory early-rising mode types on the quality of awakening. Analysis of the questionnaire results showed that participants slept on average 6.5 hours. There was a significant difference between genders in average time slept and between age groups regarding the desired and actual times of bedtime and of awakening time.  The difference between the actual and desired bedtime ranged 0-60 minutes, while the difference between the awakening times ranged 60-120 minutes. This gap existence supports the need for rousing-objects. Only third of the population examined reported “very good” or “excellent” quality awakening and mood. In correlations that were carried out among the various preferences, the auditory early- rising mode is the most frequent. More than half the survey population does not respond to a ringing early-rising, and continues to sleep or to remain in bed. Correlations performed among the different preferences for the properties of the rousing-object showed that participants expected a designed, portable, effective, and “user-friendly” rousing-object. Analysis of the cognitive and motor skills tests results showed no statistically significant differences in reaction times, number of errors and in the number of tappings among the various types of early-rising modes. The research support a concept that was built up in the course of this study, whereby waking-up is shown to be a process consisting of several phases - early-rising, half-asleep, awakening, sleep-inertia and wakefulness. The research recommendations can provide product planners, engineers and designers guidelines for an optimal rousing-object according to various populations' specifications.