טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentShimon Reizman
SubjectObjects Location in Different Environments - Phenomena
Characterization and Possible Solutions
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Bitterman Noemi
Full Thesis text - in Hebrew Full thesis text - Hebrew Version


Abstract

This work had two objectives: to characterize the phenomenon of locating objects in various daily environments; and to define a concept in order to give a solution to the problem. The results found are based on a questionnaire distributed among 143 adults (82 males and 61 females). The participants were asked to estimate the frequency of the object location on a scale of 5 for 27 objects in 8 different environments. Three open ended questions defined the reasons for object searching, search methods and possible solutions. Differences between environments, objects and age groups were analyzed using ANOVA and Duncan post-hoc, and between males and females by T-test. Open ended questions were coded into categories and tested statistically using χ2. An alpha of 0.05 was used for all statistical analyses.

The results show that the phenomenon of locating objects is quite common. The phenomenon is not homogenous in the population and there are differences in intensity and frequency between the objects and the environments investigated. Five of the 8 environments surveyed stood out clearly: home, personal bag, body, work, and the car. Five of the 27 objects surveyed were most prominent: pen, cellular phone, keys, sunglasses, and wallet.

Females feel they search more frequently than males. Younger people (up to the age of 31) feel that they search for more objects than do older adults. Males and females assumed that the main reason for not finding an object is their own memory faults. Also, the most common methods people use to overcome this problem are based on recalling the last place they encountered the relevant object.

Most people seek a technological solution for the object location problem: systems based on global real-time surveillance of objects or more limited systems that provide relative visual or audio guidance to the location of an object. Nonetheless, a significant group of people claim that the solution lies in the simple behavior of putting objects in the right place.

One recommendation of this paper is to integrate the two technological solutions in to one, compensating for their deficiencies and resulting in a more robust solution. A second suggestion is to develop a new design concept, which is organization-oriented, based on principles of transparency and environments designed to fit particular objects. The issues treated in this preliminary work require additional research.