|M.Sc Student||Magura Zila|
|Subject||The Influence of Settlement Type on Entrepreneurial|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Daniel Czamanski|
This paper deals with entrepreneurial activities in rural settlements in the Segev area (Galilee). The aim of this analysis is to find the connection between those activities and the characteristics of the settlement form.
This issue constitutes part of the larger subject of economic development based on private capital as a substitute of public capital. The regional development policy for peripheral areas was financed by public governmental capital, after failing to carry out its goals the stress was direct to encourage private enterprises. The non-agricultural rural settlement forms that appeared from the middle of the 70s were a tool in the hands of the institutes for encouraging this enterprise. This policy requires the understanding of the connection between the settlement from and entrepreneurship.
The settlement form was divided to three characteristics: The formal definition of the settlement, organizational framework and institutional attachment and the settlement population. The examination of this three, points out the relation between them and the local, entrepreneurship. The planning perception which guided the formal definition has a certain connection to the economic organizing in the settlement. This impact is not decisive since the settlement forms are still in the creation process, therefore the original model was changed. The changes reflect attempts to bridge the gap between the perception of the institute and the population.
On the other hand the institutional attachment to the Jewish agency has a great importance, which derives from the policy standing for the encouragement of local employment based on private entrepreneurship along with financial support given to the entrepreneur. We cannot point out the existence of a clear relation between the organizational framework attachments and the entrepreneurial activity. It seems that the reason lies in the uncertainty existing in the organizations concerning their attitude toward the new settlements economic organization.
The population living in the settlements has a decisive influence in designing the economic structure. An important connection was found between the perceptions of the settlements members and the, way the settlement forms were crystallized which gave the population freedom in planning the settlement according to their personal views.