טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentCohen Ruth
SubjectThe Impact of Changes in Air Pollution Levels on Residentia
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Mordechai Shechter


Abstract

The purpose of this research is a) to test the effect of changes in air pollution levels on residential land use in the Haifa area; b) to evaluate the effect of changes on social welfare by means of measurement that translate changes into monetary terms.

This study makes use of the Diffusion Model which measures the changes in the level of air pollution that result from technological efforts to lessen pollution, such as combining chimney stacks and increasing the height of the stacks.

The empirical research is based on a sample of 220 housing units located in 11 neighborhoods within the city limits of Haifa Every observed housing unit includes data on the amenities of the housing unit the neighborhood to which it belongs and the quality of the air.

Findings of the empirical research suggest that the level of air pollution has a substantial effect on-housing property values. Households, aware of the negative - effects of air pollution, include the level of air pollution in -the housing environment in weighing up their choice of housing location.

Accordingly, the findings suggest that numerous changes in the level of air pollution that result from implementation of technological methods can represent incentive for the migration of certain populations to and from specific neighborhoods wherein substantial changes in housing property values have taken place.

The outcomes of the research substantiate the great importance of coordination between planning institutions, as those responsible for preparation of city building plans (on local and district levels), and as government offices and institutions responsible for implementation of projects regarding environmental quality in general and air quality in particular.