|M.Sc Thesis||Department of Architecture and Town Planning|
|Supervisor:||Mr. Milo E. Hoffman|
This theoretical and experimental research investigates the climatic thermal performance mechanism of the courtyard. For this purpose an analytical model supported by a computerized system was constructed. The model enables the evaluation of the influence of planning variables on the courtyard’s average air temperature variation in the shade. Its inputs are the planning variables of the courtyard and climatic variables according to the geographical location.
On the experimental level, in order to verify the model, a series of climatic measurements was performed in a courtyard possessing known planning characteristics. The verification was performed by reconstructing the measured daily air temperature.
Sensitivity tests were performed under desert climate conditions of Beer Sheva in order to find the influence of each planning variable. Following this, an analysis of various courtyards was performed according to planning goals defined for typical representative cases. The analysis was carried out using compilations that enabled the drawing of conclusions and general planning guidelines for courtyards under Beer Sheva climatic conditions. Similarly, it is possible to obtain conclusions regarding other zones and different planning variables.
In light of the study’s results it seems that courtyards cannot, in all cases, act as microclimatic outdoor space; planning of courtyards, especially in hot climates, has to be carried out in a careful and controlled way.