|M.Sc Student||Yael Aspis|
|Subject||Application of the "Value Stretch"Model in Defining|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Full Professor Baruch Kipnis|
A modern approach to planning for public policy in a pluralistic democratic society must recognize the special nature of the social-cultural groups that compose it.
Economic, political and ideological factors which have weakened the status of the welfare state and its ability to provide services to its citizens, have created a suitable background for the appearance of models for the planning of public services.
This research is aimed at presenting and evaluating the application of the “value stretch” model as an instrument for determining and measuring the parameters of a social policy. The model is applied on community neighborhood services at the Urban Arab Settlements in Israel.
The core research hypothesis is that the “value stretch” model is a workable tool for measuring what constitutes essential neighborhood services among different population groups, distinguished on the basis of demographic, social, cultural, and economic factors, and on the basis of the type of settlement in which they live.
The findings indicate that characteristics of religion membership stage in the life cycle, and type of settlement of residence tend to distinguish among the levels of need and essentiality of neighborhood services among the different groups. Sex and education, on the other hand were not found to explain significantly the differences.
The main conclusions of the research are that the “value stretch” model can be applied as an instrument for determining policy parameters for social policy, in defining “tolerance thresholds” for a public policy intervention. These are important in defining the essential services for different population groups, and in ranking them by the level of importance.