|M.Sc Student||Avni Avital|
|Subject||Planners Politicians Bureaucrats: the Israeli Experience|
|Department||Department of Architecture and Town Planning||Supervisor||Professor Hubert Law-Yone|
Much has been written about the role of the planner and his/her inter-relations with politicians and bureaucrats. Much less has been studied about the relationship between the skills and personal characteristics of the planner, and his/her ability to influence the decision-making process in planning issues.
The purpose of this research was to examine the role of the professional planner within the political and bureaucratic system during Israel’s early years, which were characterized by an unprecedented, intensive planning activity on a national scale. From the examination of the, planners’ role in the decision-making processes in several case studies, and from the analysis of the skills and personal characteristics of the most prominent planners of the time, we tried to arrive at conclusions concerning the various factors which determine the degree of influence of the planner hi such decision-making processes. We especially focused on the importance of the position of the planner within or outside the relevant planning system, with respect to his ability to influence its activity, and on the correlation between the education or professional training and various characteristics of the planner’s personality, and his potential for influence.
The major conclusions are: 1) Planners within the planning system have more influence on decision-making within those systems than planners outside those systems; 2) The education factor has no impact on the planner’s potential for influence; 3) The planner’s skills and personal characteristics are a significant factor in determining his influence; 4) Contrary to prevalent theory, planners have much de facto influence on policy design; 5) Political considerations always supersede all others.