טכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
הטכניון מכון טכנולוגי לישראל - בית הספר ללימודי מוסמכים  
M.Sc Thesis
M.Sc StudentRenov David
SubjectThe Architecture of Shmuel Bickels )1909-1975(
DepartmentDepartment of Architecture and Town Planning
Supervisor Professor Emeritus Gilbert Herbert (Deceased)


Abstract

The architect Shmuel Bickels lived and worked within the framework of the Kibbutz    Hameuchad Movement from 1933, when he immigrated to Israel from Poland, until his death in 1975. His work is notable for three contributions to Israeli architecture: overall kibbutz design, design of kibbutz cultural centers, and design of interior Spaces by use of natural light.

The thesis is divided into three parts examining each of those aspects of his work by research and documentation of original material and information, schemes, drawings and photographs gathered in field work, as well as interviews and use of archives. Bickels’ architectural approach was hierarchic and holistic, seeing in every part an independent element contributing to the functioning and appearance of the whole. The kibbutz was designed as a self contained entity which could respond dynamically to the developing needs of the community both social and physical.

Bickels placed the cultural center in the central pert of the kibbutz, the living area, in order to emphasize its ideological importance as well as to encourage its daily use.

The design of his cultural center spaces -- both indoor and out -- is complex. Bickels developed a building type special to the kibbutz: a multi -- purpose hall.

Bickels designed interior spaces by bringing in natural light in various ways, creating what this study Calls "light-space": design of space with natural light and of light by space. Bickels' “light-space" is examined from three aspects: functional, visual and experiential.

The research finds that Shmuel Bickels contributed to Israeli architecture by creating a singular architectural framework for a settlement in which the social and cultural experiences are combined.